Articles & Books

  1. Unequal Treatment
    Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2003)
    Explores racial and ethnic disparities in health care services, as well as the potential sources of these disparities.
  2. Batts, V. (2005). Is Reconciliation Possible? Visions, Inc. retrieved September 30, 2011, from
    A compilation of papers from a meeting of bishops of the Episcopal Church on the topic of “globalization and difference.”
  3. Bell, J. & Lee, M.M. (2011) Why Place & Race Matter: Impacting health through a focus on race and place, executive summary. PolicyLink
    Examines how environmental factors can be strengthened and enlivened to benefit the health of all communities.
  4. Carty, D. C., Kruger, D. J., Turner, T. M., Campbell, B., DeLoney, E. H., & Lewis, Y. E. (2011). Racism, Health Status, and Birth Outcomes: Results of a Participatory Community-Based Intervention and Health Survey. Journal of Urban Health, 88(1), 84-97.
    Provides results of a cross-sectional, population-based health survey conducted in the urban areas of Genesee and Saginaw Counties in Michigan to assess how a sustained community intervention to reduce racism and infant mortality influenced knowledge, beliefs, and experiences of racism and to explore how perceived racism is associated with self-rated health and birth outcomes.
  5. Griffith, D., Yonas, M., Mason, M., & Havens, B. (2009). Considering Organizational Factors in Addressing Health Care Disparities: Two Case Examples. Health Promotion Practice.
    Describes an emerging intervention strategy to reduce health care disparities called “dismantling (undoing) racism” and how it has been adapted to a rural public health department and an urban medical system.
  6. Griffith, D., Mason, M., Yonas, M., Eng, E., Jeffries, V., Plihcik, S., & Parks, B. (2007). Dismantling Institutional Racism: Theory and Action. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 381-392.
    This paper describes the theory behind dismantling racism, the elements of the intervention strategy, and the strengths and limitations of this systems change approach.
  7. Hofrichter, R. & Bhatia, R. (2010) Tackling Health Inequities through Public Health Practice: Theory to Action, editors, Oxford Community Press: New York.

    A handbook that raises questions and provides a starting point to assist health practitioners in considering the potential for reorienting public health practice to address the root causes of health inequities, particularly with respect to restructuring the organization, culture and daily work of public health.
  8. Hogan VK, Rowley D, Bennett T, Taylor KD. (2011) Life Course, Social Determinants, and Health Inequities: Toward a National Plan for Achieving Health Equity for African American Infants – a Concept Paper. Maternal Child Health Journal.
    This concept paper is a hue and cry for the public health community to speed the creation of an actionable evidence base that reduces inequities through ‘‘dimensionality,’’ a theory developed by this paper’s authors in response to the inadequacies we have identified in the current, one-dimensional approach to understanding disparities.
  9. Allen, J., Jennings, R., Taylor, R., Shipp, M. (2011) The NCHHSTP 2010–2015 Strategic Plan and the Pursuit of Health Equity: A Catalyst for Change and A Step in the Right Direction.
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discuss overcoming health inequities in the United States by changing the way we define, think, and address the problem. The statement is meant to challenge public health professionals to champion effective health equity strategies in public health systems.